Mail can be exchanged (no pun intended!) between OfficePower and Microsoft Exchange,
using either an X.400 link between the two mail systems, or an SMTP link in conjunction
with OfficePower/Xtra's Internet Mail Gateway. This page gives guidance on a number of
issues when establishing mail links between OfficePower and Exchange.
Considering the balance of benefits offered by the two types of link, TeamWARE Group
normally recommend the use of SMTP via the OfficePower Internet Mail Gateway in preference
to X.400. It is also strongly recommended that any OfficePower server which will interwork with
Exchange is upgraded to OfficePower/Xtra V4 or later, regardless of the type of link used.
If using an X.400 link, attachments to messages sent from OfficePower to Exchange will be
received as "unknown" files - they have names like
att0001.dat, are not associated with any PC application, and
the system relies on the SENDER telling the recipient, in the
text of the message, what the attachment(s) is/are.
With the Internet Gateway, messages are sent with the correct filename
extension - so the Exchange user gets files named
att0001.txt, att0002.doc, etc, and can just click on them in
his mail client to read them.
For mail sent FROM Exchange TO OfficePower, the autorecognition of attachments means the user gets
the correct "type" information regardless of whether the message came via X.400 or Internet Gateway.
The administrator can configure OfficePower's X.400 email to
select conversions carried out on attachments of various types on a per-domain basis.
So you can select that OfficePower-Word documents are
converted to RTF, or Microsoft Word, or another document format - even having
different conversions for mail sent to different Exchange
servers - and you can specify conversions for spreadsheets, for example.
With the Internet Mail Gateway, conversion is only available for OfficePower-Word documents,
and just about everything else gets MIME-encoded and sent in its original
format. OfficePower-Word documents normally get converted to flat text, but the gateway can be configured to
convert to Microsoft Word, for example, instead - a single conversion choice which applies to all
messages, regardless of their destination address.
Delivery Reports, etc
X.400 mechanisms such as delivery reports and view acknowledge all work when an X.400
link is used. When the Internet Mail Gateway is used, the gateway will return a delivery report
itself when a message requests this, but you will not get delivery reports or view
acknowledgments from the final recipient.
To connect OfficePower to Exchange via X.400 you require "RFC1006"
(OSLAN over TCP/IP) software on the OP server. Unless you
have already purchased this software for your existing system
(it is not needed for two OP servers to communicate via
X.400), this represents an added cost, if it is available
(check with the supplier of your servers and UNIX software - TeamWARE Group
cannot supply RFC1006 software). The Internet Mail Gateway (which is bundled with OfficePower/Xtra
at no extra cost) does not require RFC1006.
Known issues with X.400 links
If an Exchange user sends a message with an empty subject then the mail item will fail
to be delivered at the OfficePower user's mailbox, if the OfficePower system is running
OfficePower/Xtra V3 or earlier. This is due to Exchange sending a subject
field containing NULL characters (which are not permitted by X.400). Receipt of such a message
will cause the OfficePower mailbox to become blocked and no further mail can be received until
the Exchange message is removed from the users mail queue. OfficePower/Xtra V4 has been enhanced
to allow these messages to be delivered.
If a message follows the following route then the message will fail to be delivered at the
- OfficePower user sends to Exchange user who has Alternate Recipient set and defined as an
- Exchange then redirects the message to the specified OfficePower user.
- The OfficePower user will recieve the message successfully. However if this message is then
forwarded to another OfficePower user a non-delivery for reason Content Syntax Error will result.
An Internet message in an Exchange mailbox is forwarded to an OfficePower user. When the
OfficePower user views the forwarded attachment, the from field shows the name of the Exchange
server rather than the address of the Internet message sender.
Exchange 5.5 and the upload.tmp file
In order for Exchange to use the internet address and also for OP users to
be able to download the X.400 address via the LDAP it is important that the
last 3 lines of the upload.tmp file read as follows:-
If the X400TYPE5 line appears after the other 2 then Exchange users are
given the X.400 address instead of the smtp address when fetching the name.
The address entry in the Exchange directory is also corrupted as it appears
that some of the information from the other lines are retained resulting in
the X400 address having the SMTP: value at the beginning of it.
The "*"s are still important as this forces the OP internet address into
the Exchange directory and also ensures that the default address is the SMTP
The SMTP: in the target address ensures that the Internet gateway is the
first route attempted instead of the internal routing.
General Exchange Issues
If you previously used the fact that OfficePower mail messages, once sent or recieved,
cannot be altered by the user as part of an audit trail or legal requirement, be aware that
using Outlook as a mail client into Exchange allows users to change sent and received messages.
Typically, Exchange mail account authentication takes place at the Windows Network level so
closing your Outlook mailbox will not prevent other users of your PC from opening your
mailboxes. This may be an issue if users share a PC for various tasks.
Exchange cannot handle a domain name which does not contain a '.' . So
user@op is not acceptable - it must have firstname.lastname@example.org as a
Getting mail messages from OfficePower to Exchange and vice versa is just the first step in
establishing a viable mail network supporting these two mail systems. Synchronising the
directories (and/or distribution lists and address books) so that users on either of the two
systems can address mail to users on both systems is the next stage.
OfficePower/Xtra V4 includes a set of tools for directory synchronisation with both X.400
and Internet Mail Gateway links.